41 WELCOME TO YOUR NEW HOME keepmoat.com 42 FIRE SAFETY Most fires that happen in the home start accidentally. By following a few basic steps, you can stop these fires from happening – you are responsible for fire safety in your home. Smoke alarms Test your smoke alarm each week by using the test button. At the same time, use your vacuum cleaner to get rid of any dust inside the alarm. The kitchen More than half of all accidental fires in your home start in the kitchen. Nearly all of these involve the cooker. Here are a few simple rules to help you stay safe: • Never hang tea towels on the cooker. • Never leave the cooker unattended when it is switched on. TIP: Closing internal doors at night, or when you are out of the home, is a simple way to slow down the spread of fire should one occur. • Make sure the cooker is turned off when you have finished using it. • Don’t let leads from other appliances such as kettles or toasters trail across the cooker. • Don’t let fat and grease build up on the cooker, especially in the grill pan where it can easily catch fire. • Never allow children in the kitchen unsupervised. Pan fires If your pan catches fire – try not to panic. Here’s what to do: • Don’t move the pan. • Turn off the heat if it’s safe to do so but never lean over the pan to reach the controls. • NEVER throw water or use a fire extinguisher on the fire. • If you can, drape a damp cloth or towel over the pan to smother the flames. • Leave the pan to cool down for at least half an hour. • If you can’t control the fire yourself close the door to the room, get out and tell everybody else to get out the house. Then call the fire brigade. Don’t go back inside for any reason. Electrics Electrical equipment is also a common cause of fires. But there are some simple things you can do to reduce risks: • At night turn off and unplug all electrical appliances, except those that are meant to be permanently switched on (like entertainment systems and fridges). • Always make sure the electrical appliance has the correct fuse. Use a 3 amp fuse for equipment up to 720 watts and a 13amp fuse for equipment over 720 watts. • Avoid multi‐way adaptors. Overloading an electrical socket by using several adaptors can cause overheating and fire. One plug to one socket is best. • Don’t run extension leads or cables under carpets. You won’t be able to see any damage to them. • Ensure appliances are in good condition and repairs are carried out by an approved tradesperson. Fire doors Your house may be fitted with fire doors in some locations. These doors should not be ‘propped open’, and if a replacement is considered (for any reason), the door must conform to a similar specification. Do not remove, tamper or paint over any of the seals fitted to the door or frame. These help prevent the spread of fire and are a vital safety feature.
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